If you have ever been thinking about living in a space that is completely in harmony with nature, organic architecture is the right answer for you. This term – organic architecture – was introduced by Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959). His idea was to promote the balance between man-made structure and the environment by means of special design. A design that provides the integrity and interrelated composition between buildings and surroundings.
In the past, the primitive vernacular architecture was naturally organic, based on spontaneous structures and forms. The materials were local and simple. However, the architecture that dominated the 20th century was rectilinear and perpendicular. It was the reflection of an industrially age. Now, in the new millennium the designers try to come back to the nature and their works are inspired by biological organisms.
One of the main characteristics of the organic architecture is that the design approach is inspired by nature. The consequences are that the built form emerge out of the site, growing like an creature from the seed of the nature. Organic architecture is radical in design, multifaceted and surprising, distinctive but flexible and environmentally conscious. Furthermore, this kind of architecture is said to be the mother of all architecture as it is sustainable. In organic architecture every building is unique as each structure is interrelated to person, time, space.. so it does not only approach environmental concerns but also pronounce individuality.
The real organic architecture has deep respect for natural materials, for example wood should look like wood. Also, this way of designing and building fits into the surroundings, a house should look part of the hill, not perched on it.
Modern architects practice the idea of organic design by using newer materials and technology in the application of natural shapes, rhythm and composition to their buildings. This freedom of thought affects most fields of design such as furniture, lighting, textile design, interior design. These liberated and imaginative forms are now encouraged and accepted by a lot of clients.
According to the ideas of organic architecture the buildings need to work together with nature and allow optimum shapes and forms. They have to be more efficient, economic, and appropriate to local climate and environmental conditions. We are witnesses of continuous expansion of cities and the lack of interaction between mankind and nature. Organic structures with free flowing and curvilinear organic forms are able to make city spaces aesthetically and spiritually more suitable to individuals.